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The role of control and loss of privacy in rape

Page history last edited by PBworks 14 years, 11 months ago

The role of control and loss of privacy in rape

 

 

Rape has been regarded as "a crime of violence and control" since the 1970s. According to psychological analysis literature, "control" is a key feature in most definitions of privacy:

  • "Privacy is not the absence of other people from one's presence, but the control over the contact one has with them." (Pedersen, D. 1997).
  • "Selective control of access to the self." (Margulis, 2003)

 

Control is important in providing:

  • what we need for normal psychological functioning;
  • stable interpersonal relationships; and
  • personal development. (Pedersen, D. 1997)

Violation of privacy or "control", come in many forms, sexual assault, and the resulting psychological traumas, being one of the most explicit forms. Many sexual assault survivors suffer from eating disorders, such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia, which also center around control issues. In some ways, therefore, it makes more sense to look at the issue of sexual assault as an invasion of privacy:

 

: "The more comfortable a person is with talking about invasion of privacy and in insisting that he or she has privacy that deserves respect, the clearer that person’s understanding of rape will be…" (Mclean, D. 1995)

 

Consequently, it is important to be aware of the approach of this subject of rape through the concept of privacy because of the historical background and the need to bypass certain Social stigmas.

 

 

References

 

Alderman, E., & Kennedy, C. (1995). The Right to Privacy. New York: Knopf Publishing Group.

 

Ben-Ze'Ev, A. (2003) "Privacy, emotional closeness and openness in cyberspace." Computers in Human Behavior, 19, 451-67.

 

Robert R Hazelwood, Ann Wolbert Burgess. (2001). Practical Aspects of Rape Investigation. FL : CRC Press.

 

 

Cate, F. (2001). Privacy In Perspective. Washington D.C., : The AEI Press.

 

Desmond, R. (2002). Big Brother Is Watching: Reasonable Expectations of Privacy in the Technological Age. . Reporter, 29, 3-5.

 

Hanson, R. (2002). Adolescent dating violence: prevalence and psychological outcomes. Child Abuse & Neglect , 26(5).

 

Hendricks, E., & Hayden, T. (1990). Your Right to Privacy the Basic Guide to Legal Rights in an Information Society. Illinois, Il: Southern Illinois University Press.

 

Heymann, P. (2002). Civil liberties and human rights in the aftermath of september 11. Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, 25. 441.

 

Huspek, G., & Radford, P. (1997 ). Transgressing Discourses: Communication and the Voice of Other. New York : Suny Press.

 

Kateb, G. (2001). 0n being watched and known. Social Research, 68.

 

Kupferman, T. (1990). Privacy and Publicity. Westport, London, : Mecklermedia.

 

Laws, Ami; Golding, Jacqueline M , . (1996). Sexual assault history and eating disorder symptoms among White, Hispanic, and African-American women and men. Journal of Public Health, 86,(4). 579.

 

Leino-Kilpi, H. (2001). Privacy: a review of the literature. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 38(6):663-71.

 

Lugli-Rivero, Z. (2001). Eating disorders and behavioral personal control. Salud Publica Mex 43:9-16.

 

Margulis, S. (2003). On the status and contribution of westin's and altman's theories of privacy. Journal of Social Issues, 59 (2) 411-429.

 

Margulis, S. (2003). Privacy as a social issue and behavioral concept. Journal of Social Issues, 59.

 

Mayer, M. (1972). Rights of Privacy. New York: Law-Arts publishers, Inc.

 

Mclean, D. (1995). Privacy and its invasion. , CT: Praeger.

 

McWhirter, D., & Bible, J. (1992). Privacy As A Constitutional Right . New York, Westport, Connecticut, London, : Quorum Books.

 

Nagel, T. (2002). Concealment and Exposure. New York: Oxford University Press.

 

Pedersen, D. (1997). Psychological functions of privacy. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 17, 147-156.

 

Post, R. (1989). The social foundations of privacy: community and self in the common law tort. California Law Review, 77, 957.

 

Rosen, J. (2000). the Unwanted Gaze The Destruction of Privacy in America. New York: Random House.

 

Schoeman, Ferdinand (1984) Philosophical Dimensions of Privacy: An Anthology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

 

Scoglio, S. (1998). Transforming Privacy a Transpersonal Philosophy of Rights.

 

Scott, G.G. (1995). Mind Your Own Business: The Battle for Personal Privacy. New York: Insight Books.

 

Shapiro, J. (1993). A psychological `sense-of-control' profile of patients with anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. Psychological Reports, 73.

 

Westin, A. (2003). Social and political dimensions of privacy. Journal of Social Issues, 59.

 

Wonderlich, S. (2000). Eating disturbance and sexual trauma in childhood and adulthood. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 3, 401.

 

Zweig, D. , Webster, J. (2002). Where is the line between benign and invasive? an examination of psychological barriers to the acceptance of awareness monitoring systems. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 23, 605-633.

 

(2003). What Causes Eating Disorders. Retrieved Dec. 12, 2003, http://www.pbs.org/perfectillusions/

eatingdisorders/preventing_causes.html

 

(2003). What causes eating disorders?. Retrieved Dec. 12, 2003, http://www.anred.com/causes.html

 

(1997). The truth about date rape. Ebony, 52 (11).

 

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "rape".

 

Copyright information available on the History page.

 

 

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